Cabochon cut is a method of cutting gemstones polished with a rounded soft surface but not cut into facets. It’s a simple cut, used for softer stones to display the natural qualities and colours of a stone. A cabochon cut’s purpose is to expose the hidden features inside a stone and display their attributes. This cut is mostly used for coloured stones and not typically for diamonds because the beauty of a diamond comes out with faceting, and the cabochon cuts are usually cut in the shape of round or oval.
Some examples of gemstones that are cut with the cabochon method are: turquoise, opals, moonstone, sapphire, rubies and emeralds. The back of a cabochon stone is normally flat, it can also be round or even hollowed based on the type of stone and cut.